S.V.Breuning arrives in Vienna. Letters to Wegeler & Amenda expressing concern over
deafness. Death of Elector Max Franz.
'Heiligenstadt Testament' - (letter addressed to his brothers in which Beethoven
reveals his despair over his increasing deafness).
Archduke Rudolph becomes a friend and pupil. 'Eroica' symphony begun at Heiligenstadt.
Living with S.Breuning (May-Oct), but moves to Molkerbastei after row with Breuning.
Beethoven scratches out dedication of 'Eroica' symphony to Napoleon, after Napoleon
declares himself Emperor.
Intimate friendship with Josephine von Deym (neé.Brunswick) - cooling off towards
November. Work on 'Fidelio'. - French invade Vienna (13-27Nov).
Caspar Beethoven marries Johanna Reiss; their son Karl is born (4 Sep).
Haydn's last public concert (27Mar). Friendship with Countess Erdody. Offer to go
to Kassel under Jerome Bonaparte - (600 Ducats p.a). Beethoven accepts but later
changes mind due to friends guaranteeing annual income. Razumovsky quartet formed.
Contract: Kinsky, Archduke Rudolph, Lobkowitz - guaranteeing income of 4000 Florins
p.a. for life. Vienna shelled by French (11/12May). Haydn dies.
1810 - Affair with Therese Von Malfatti. Friendship with Bettina Brentano.
Devaluation of currency (20 Feb) causes financial difficulties. Friendship with Amalie
Meeting with Goethe at Teplitz (July 1812). Letter to "Immortal beloved". Life mask
and bust of Beethoven by Klein. Tries to stop marriage of brother Johann at Linz
to Therese Obermayr.
Wellington wins battle of Vittoria (21Jun). Collaboration with Maezel - "Wellington's
victory" spreads Beethoven's fame and success. (Legal dispute with Maezel over this
work later followed).
Razumovsky palace destroyed in fire (3Nov 1814). 'Fidelio' revised. Financial position
improves. Congress of Vienna grants Beethoven 4000 Florins. Highly Succesful concerts
and recognition .
Financial matters in connection with contract settled. (Arrears paid-payments continue
until Beethoven's death). Caspar Beethoven dies (15Nov) - Beethoven is made co-guardian
of Karl along with Karl's mother. Given freedom of the city of Vienna.
Start of legal proceedings for sole-guardianship of Karl. Karl sent to boarding school.
Invitation to visit London. Death of Prince Lobkowitz (16Dec 1816).
Friendship with Nanette Streicher renewed (She helps domestically)
More legal proceedings over Karl, as he runs away from school to his mother. London
firm of Broadwood send Beethoven a piano.
"Missa solemnis" begun. Karl under mother's guardianship; Beethoven still responsible
for his education. Beethoven purchases 8 bank shares from the investments made in
1816 with Steiner as a legacy for Karl. 1820 - Legal dispute over Karl finally settled
in Beethoven's favour.
1822 - Schuppanzigh returns to Vienna. Deepening of friendship with F.Grillparzer.
'Fidelio' revival. New operatic projects contemplated ("Mesuline"). Work on 'Choral'
symphony & last quartets. Reconciliation with brother Johann (temporary). Anton Schindler
assists Beethoven as friend and secretary (they had briefly met in 1814).
Karl leaves school. Trouble with eyes. Quarrels with Schindler.
Beethoven is sent inscribed gold medal from Louis XV111. Helps Karl's mother financially.
Serious row with Schindler, Schuppanzigh & M.Lichnowsky over the financial disaster
of the first performance of the 'Choral' symphony. Receives piano from the firm Konrad
Graf. Meets his old teacher Schenk ( who he hasn't seen since 1790's).
Friendship with Karl Holz. Becoming more possesive and neurotic over Karl.
Karl attempts suicide (30Jul): Beethoven devastated. Goes with Karl to his brother's
estate at Gneixendorf (Aug). On return to Vienna (1/2Dec) he catches a chill and
is confined to bed. Start of final illness - First operation (20Dec).
Karl joins army (2nd Jan). Reconciliation with Schindler. Has further 4 operations.
Visited by Schubert, Hummel, Zmeskall. Philharmonic society in London send £100.
Reconciliation with Dr.Malfatti. Makes will leaving all to Karl. Dies (26th Mar-4.45p.m.)
28th Mar: Autopsy performed by Dr.Johann Wagner. Petrous portion of the temporal
bone was sawn through and removed. Cause of death Cirrhosis of the liver accompanied
by dropsy. Death mask and drawing made by Dannhauser. 29Mar: 20,000 people gather
outside the 'Schwarzpanierhaus' for the funeral (3.00.p.m). Procession leaves the
Schwarzspanierhaus at 3.30p.m. Hearse drawn by 4 horses. 5.00p.m.-Church service
at the Dreifalteskeitkirche. Taken to the Wahring cemetry, where at the gates Grillparzer's
funeral oration was read by Anschutz. 3rd April 1827 - Mozart's Requiem sung at the
parish church of the Augustinian monks. 5th April 1827 - Cherubini's Mass sung in
the Karlskirche. April 1827 - Auction of Beethoven's belongings.
Concert tour with Prince Lichnowsky to Prague, Dresden, Berlin. Possible first signs
Increased friends amongst the aristocracy (Scharwzenberg, Liechenstein, Moritz, Odescalshi).
Signs of deafness apparent.
Freundschaft mit Karl Amenda. Beginn der Schwerhörigkeit. „Pathétique“. Pläne zur
Amenda verlässt Wien. Anfälle von Depression.
Piano contest with D.Steibelt at Count Fries. Lichnowsky grants an annuity of 600
VIENNA (1792 – 1827)
(Jul) Haydn in Bonn again (return journey). Beethoven leaves Bonn (2Nov). Arrives
in Vienna (10Nov) - Waldstein played a major role in the arrangement of this trip.
(He persuaded Elector to grant Beethoven an annuity). Father dies (18Dec) - Franz
Ries acts on Beethoven's behalf in Bonn regarding payment of salary.Lessons with
Haydn. Beethoven may have visited Eisenstadt with Haydn. Haydn helps Beethoven in
financial matters. Lessons with Haydn end and Beethoven studies with J.B.Schenk.
Bonn occupied by the French. (Elector flees). Haydn visits England again. Beethoven
studies counterpoint with Albrechtsberger & vocal writing with Salieri. Beethoven's
brother Caspar, arrives in Vienna. (He tried at first to emulate Ludwig's success,
but later became a banker). Wegeler arrives from Bonn.
Beethoven's other brother, Johann arrived to study at the university.
Violist in court orchestra. 3 Sonatas published (dedicated to Elector Maximillian
(Feb) - Officially Neefe's assistant. Death of Elector (15Apr) - succeeded by M.Franz
(son of Empress Maria-Theresa).
Granted salary of 100 Florins.
(7-20Apr) - First visit to Vienna. Meeting with Mozart. Mother dies (17Jul) - (consumption).
Baby sister dies (25Nov).
Returns to old posts (organist & viola in court orchestra). Death of Emperor Joseph.
Meets Waldstein family.
(Dec) - Haydn & Salomon arrive in Bonn (en route to London).
(Dec 5) - Death of Mozart.
Johann van Beethoven married Maria Magdalena Leym (nee Keverich). From her first
marriage she bore one son (died in infancy) and seven from her second marriage of
whom 4 died in infancy.
BONN (1770 – 1792)
16th Dec - Beethoven born at 515 Bonngasse (no.20 today). Baptised at St.Regimus
church (17 Dec).
24th Dec - Death of grandfather (Ludwig Van Beethoven).
Caspar Karl Van Beethoven (brother) born 8th April.
Nikolaus Johann van Beethoven (brother) born 2nd October.
26th March - First public concert 'academy' at Cologne (Sternengasse).
Visits Rotterdam with his mother.
Becomes deputy court organist to Neefe. First published work - 9 variations on a
march by Dressler. Beginning of friendship with G.Wegeler & Breuning family.