The use of mineral waters for treatment of various ailments goes back to ancient times, when the Romans developed places for taking a cure around existing mineral springs. In the Middle Ages kings and princes rediscovered the benefit of drinking waters with therapeutic properties to cure various ailments. In the 18th and 19th centuries the aristocracy developed resorts around the sources of these waters at which they gathered to relax and meet each other. Some of the oldest spas in continuous existence are located in Central Europe, in present day Austria, Czech Republic and Hungary. Click Here for a map of some of the towns and spas visited by Beethoven.




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The district town of Teplice, which today is home to more than 53,000 people, is an historic spa town in the Podkrusnohori ("Under the Ore Mountains") Region. Teplice is the oldest spa in Bohemia.
The most valuable possession of the city is its thermal Pravridlo ("Old Spring") spring, with a temperature of 42 degree Celsius . The beneficial effects of the water, which contains radon, have been used in treatments for more than eight centuries. Pravridlo has been endangered several times and even stopped gushing once, after the 1755 Lisbon earthquake.
The Teplice spa experienced its greatest boom during the first half of the nineteenth century, when it was sometimes called the "social salon of Europe". The beautiful Classical and Empire style spa buildings helped to attract the likes of Goethe, Beethoven, Paganini, Jungmann, Palacky, and Neruda.

Every year, a varied cultural program is prepared for the spa's guests and for tourists. A highlight is the annual festival celebrating Ludwig van Beethoven that takes place in September and October.
Among the historical monuments of interest to tourists are: the chateau church (built in the sixteenth century in the pseudo-Gothic style and reconstructed between 1798-1806), the Church of St. John the Baptist (built in the Baroque style between 1700-1703, with interior tombs dating from between the sixteenth and eighteenth centuries), and the Teplice Chateau (constructed on the ruins of a Benedictine Order monastery which had a three-naved Roman basilica). Construction of the chateau began between 1585-1634 and it was subsequently reconstructed several times during the 18
th and 19th centuries. Today the castle houses the regional museum that has environmental and spa collections, a history of Teplice, and the Ludwig van Beethoven Commemorative Hall.






Karlovy Vary, better known by its German name, Karlsbad, is the most famous Bohemian spa. Situated on the Tepla river, it was named after the Bohemian king and German and Holy Roman emperor Charles (Karl) IV who allegedly found the springs in 1358 during a hunting expedition. In the 19th century, royalty came here from all over Europe for treatment. Among the famous who visited Karlsbad are Goethe, Schiller, Beethoven, Chopin, and Karl Marx. More than 60 hot springs have been found here and 12 are used in spa treatment. The springs, which vary in temperature from 34 to 73 degrees C, are used in drinking cures and for baths.




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Franzensbad has its origin near the former free city of Eger, called Cheb today. The medicinal springs were already known since the 15th century. At that time the citizens of Eger - usually the women - took the medicinal water from the Eger fountain and brought it in earthenware jars to the town, where the spa guests lived. In 1791 the Dr. Bernard Vinzenz Adler had a fountain built around the medicinal springs, thus limiting the free taking out of the water. Since the "fountain women" saw their right infringed to scoop the water, they destroyed the fountain. Only when Dr. Adler complained to Emperor Leopold II who was in Prague at that time and the Emperor intervened in this affair, the municipal authorities decided to found a health resort. All plots of land were raffled, and many inhabitants started to develop the area. It was at that time "Franzensdorf" experienced its first season as a spa. In 1807 it was named "Kaiser Franzensbad" after Emperor Franz I from Austria.




Only 26 kilometres south of Vienna, Baden offers a rich variety of baths and springs, parks and coffeehouses. It was the favourite summer residence of Beethoven, and he stayed there many times over the years. Mozart had also frequented the spa. The origin of Baden lies in the healing powers of the sulphur springs. The Romans experienced and enjoyed the waters, calling the place "Aquae". Its thermal water, which emerges from the springs at a temperature of 36?C, is rich in valuable minerals.
Every day, about 4 million litres of superior thermal sulphur water are used in Baden. After the devastating fire of 1812, Baden was rebuilt in the Biedermeier style.









TEPLICE - (Teplitz) Czech Republic


KARLSBAD - (Karlovy Vary) Czech Republic

FRANZENSBAD - (Františkovy L?ne) Czech Republic

BADEN - Austria

House Beethoven stayed in Baden

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