LICHNOWSKY, Prince Karl (1756–1814) One of Beethoven's earliest patrons in Vienna
& friend. Pupil of Mozart. Brother of Count Moritz Lichnowsky. They had a major quarrel
in 1806 and their friendship was never quite the same again. (1793–1814)
LICHNOWSKY, Princess Maria Christiane (Thun-Hohenstein) (1765–1841) Fine pianist
and friend, married to Prince Karl Lichnowsky.(1793–1814)
LICHNOWSKY, Graf Moritz (1771–1837) Younger brother of Karl and friend of Beethoven.
He was an accomplished pianist (supposedly taught by Mozart) and his relationship
with Beethoven stood the test of time as they were friends for many years.
LIECHTENSTEIN, Princess Josephine Sophie (1776–1848) Wealthy old aristocratic family.
LISZT, Franz L. (1811–1886) Composer.
LINKE, Joseph (1783–1837) Cellist in Razumovsky quartet. Closely associated with
performances at Countess Erdody's.
LOBKOWITZ, Prince Franz Joseph von (1772–1816) Patron. Had private orchestra which
gave performances of Beethoven's works (including 1st performance of "Eroica" symphony)
One of the guarantors of Beethoven's income after 1809. (1800–1816)
MÄLZEL, Johann Nepomuk (1772–1838) Inventor; "Automatic Panharmonicon", Metronome.
Colaborated with Beethoven with "Battle" symphony - resulted in legal dispute between
them. (1812/1813, 1817)
MALFATTI, Therese (1792–1851) Beethoven proposed to her, but she later married Baron
Von Drosdick in June 1816. Her father owned estate at Modling. She was the niece
of the physician Dr.Giovanni Malfatti (1775-1859) who treated Beethoven during his
final illness. She was the probable recipient of "Fur elise" (1810)
MAXIMILLIAN, Franz (1756–1801) Patron. Youngest son of Empress Maria Theresa. Elector
of Cologne (1784-94), until Napoleon invaded the Rhineland.
MOLLO, Tranquillo Publisher. Partner in Artaria (1793-8). Mollo sold his own firm
to relations in 1832. (1799–1802)
MOSCHELES, Ignaz (1794–1870) Pianist & composer admired by Beethoven.Studied with
Salieri in Vienna. Settled in England in 1826. Died at Leipzig. (1808–1827)
MOZART, Wolfgang Amadeus (1756–1791) Composer. Beethoven may have met him when he
visited Vienna for the first time in 1787.
NEATE, Charles (1784–1877) Pianist. Helped found Philharmonic society in 1813. Visited
Vienna May1815-Feb1816. Invited Beethoven to London in 1824. (1815–1827)
NEEFE, Christian Gottlob (1748–1798) Teacher. Beethoven studied piano & Organ with
him. Appointed court organist at Bonn (1781). Moved to Dessau in 1794.
PASQUALATI, Freiherr Joseph Benedikt von (1777–1830) Friend. Art collector. Assisted
Beethoven in legal matters. (1800–1827)
RASUMOVSKY, Graf Andreas (1752–1836) Friend & patron. Created Prince in 1815. Art
collector. Russian ambassador to Vienna in 1792. In 1808 he established a string
quartet consisting of Schuppanzigh, Weiss, Kraft & Sina. It lasted until his palace
on the Landstrasse burnt down on 31Dec 1814. Brother in law of Prince Lobkowitz.
RIES, Ferdinand (1784–1838) Pupil, friend. Son of Franz Ries (1755-1846) who had
taught Beethoven violin at Bonn. Moved to England in 1813. Married in 1814 & returned
to Bonn in 1824. Promoted publication of Beethoven's music in England. (1800–†)
RUDOLPH, Erzherzog (1788–1831) Pupil, friend. Born at Florence. Son of Emperor Leopold
II. Dedicatee of "Emperor" piano concerto & "Missa Solemnis" and other works. (1803–†)
SALIERI, Antonnio (1750–1825) Opera composer. Gave Beethoven lessons in vocal composition.
Came to Vienna in 1766. Intensely anti-German; worked against Mozart & possibly Beethoven
as well. Died in an asylum, claiming that he had poisoned Mozart.
SEBALD, Amalie (1787–1846) Friend. Singer born in Berlin. Married in 1815. (1812)
SCHENK, Johann (1754–1836) Teacher (counterpoint)(1793–1805/1824)
SCHILLER, Friedrich (1759–1805) Beethoven set his "Ode to Joy" in the finale of the
SCHINDLER, Anton (1795–1864) Friend, Secretary. Violist. Wrote inaccurate and unreliable
biography of Beethoven. (1822–†)
SCHLESINGER, Adolf Martin (1769–1839) Publisher, based in Berlin & Paris. (1820–†)
SCHUBERT, Franz (1797–1828) Composer
SCHUPPANZIGH, Ignaz (1776–1830) Friend & violinist. Beethoven nicknamed him "Falstaff"
owing to his size! Member of Razumovsky quartet.(1794–†)
SIMROCK, Nikolaus(1751–1832) Horn player and music publisher in Bonn.
SMART, Sir George (1776–1867) Musician. Member of philharmonic society in 1813. Met
Beethoven in Vienna (1825). Promoted Beethoven in England. (1825)
SONTAG, Henriette (1806–1854) Soprano. Soloist at first performance of Symphony No.9
on May 7th 1824. (1822–†)
STREICHER, Nanette (Stein) (1769–1833) Friend. Daughter of piano maker, Johann Stein
of Augsburg. Child prodigy. Married Johann Streicher in 1794 & moved to Vienna, establishing
a piano firm in the Landstrasse. (1787–†)
SPHOR, Louis (1784–1859) Composer. (1812–1816)
THOMSON, George (1757–1851) Scottish folk song collector & editor. Based in Edinburgh,
he commisioned many composers including Beethoven to write accompaniments to folk
songs he collected. (1803–1818)
TREITSCHKE, G. F. (1776–1842) Poet. Born at Leipzig. Came to Vienna in 1800. None
of their plans for operas matured, except for the revised Sonnleithner text of Fidelio
for the 2nd revival on 23May 1814. (1811–1815)
WALDSTEIN, Graf von (1762–1823) Patron. Persuaded Elector of Cologne to send Beethoven
to Vienna on his 2nd visit. Dedicatee of "Waldstein" sonata. -(1788–1819)
WEBER, Carl Maria von (1786–1826) Composer
WEGELER, Franz Gerhard (1765–1848) Friend. Medical consultant born in Bonn. Married
Elenore Breuning in 1802. Studied medicine in Vienna (1782–†)
WESTERHOLT, Maria von an excellent pianist and Beethoven's pupil in Bonn. According
to his friend Bernhard Romberg, Beethoven was very much in love with Maria von Westerholt,
but she was soon married to Baron Von Beverforde-Werries
ZMESKALL, Domanovacez, Nikolaus von (1759–1833) Secretary in the Hungarian Chancellery,
a capable amateur 'cellist and an ardent promoter of Beethoven's music. He remained
single and in 1816 he was awarded the title 'Hofrat'. He owned property and vineyards
in Hungary and it is most probable that through him Beethoven would have met some
of the most prominent Hungarian families in Vienna, notably the Brunsviks. Zmeskall
kept the numerous letters and notes written to him by Beethoven over the years, and
most are now in the Nationalbibliothek, Vienna - the last of these letters was written
just 1 month before Beethoven's death. His friendship with Beethoven was long and
enduring, beginning in the early 1790's and lasting until the composer's death in
1827. He assisted Beethoven in practical matters such as obtaining servants and with
small financial loans. By the 1820's he was bedridden but In 1824, though frail and
infirm, Zmeskall was taken in a sedan chair to hear the first performance of Beethoven's
9th Symphony. (1792-†)
HASLINGER, Tobias (1787–1842) ): Publisher. Born Zell am Zee. Came to Vienna in 1810.
Partnership with S.Steiner in 1816.(1816–1827)
HAYDN Joseph (1732–1809) Composer / teacher (1792-1794)
HOFFMEISTER, Franz Anton (1754–1812) Publisher. Founded publishing firm with Ambross
Kuhnel at Leipzig. This firm became C.F.Peters in 1813
HOLZ, Karl (1798–1858) Friend. Amateur violist (1824–1826)
HOLTZMANN, Barbara (1755–?) (1806–1827)
HÜTTENBRENNER, Anselm (1794–1868) (1816–†)
KEVERICH Maria (verw. Leym) (1746–1787) Mother.
KINSKY, Prince Ferdinand (1781–1812) Patron. One of the 3 guarantors of Beethoven's
income after 1809. Died 0n Nov3 after fall from horse.
Kreutzer Rudolpho French violin virtuoso
GALITZIN, Prinz Nikolai (1794–1860) Amateur cellist.Promoter of music in St.Petersburg.
Commisioned last quartets.
GRILLPARZER, Franz (1791–1872) Friend. Poet.Nephew of Joseph Sonnleithner. Attempted
to collaborate with Beethoven on libretto for an opera. Wrote Beethoven's funeral
oration . (1804/1805–1827)
GLEICHENSTEIN, Baron Ignaz von (1778–1828) Friend. Gifted cellist. Married Anna Malfatti
in May 1811. Left Vienna in 1813, returned briefly in 1824 (1800–1813/1824)
GUICCIARDI, Gräfin Giulietta (1784–1856) Intimate friend, pupil. Married Count Gallenberg
in 1803. Moved to Italy. Cousin of the Brunsviks & dedicatee of the "Moonlight" sonata.
CHERUBINI, Luigi (1760–1842) Composer. Born in Florence. Settled in Paris in 1788.
Met Beethoven in Vienna (1805)
CLEMENT, Franz: Violinist. Beethoven wrote the Violin concerto for him.
CLEMENTI, Muzio (1752–1832) Music publisher, pianist, composer. Born in Rome. Settled
in England in 1810.
CZERNY, Carl (1791–1857) Pupil of Beethoven (1800-3). Became fine pianist & teacher.
(Liszt amongst his pupils).
ERDÖDY, Gräfin Anna Marie von (Niczky) (1779–1837) Friend. Pianist. Gave private
concerts in her apartment in the Krugerstrasse. Beethoven had rooms there (1808/9).
After 1820, the Erdody family left Austria for good. (1808/1809)
ERTMAN, Baronin Dorothea von (Graumann) (1781–1849) Friend. Fine pianist who had
lessons from Beethoven in 1803. Left Vienna in 1824 with husband & settled in Milan.
FRIES, Count Moritz Von (1777-1826): Patron of artists. Director of Austrian bank
BIGOT, Marie (nee.Kleine) (1786-1820): Friend. Pianist & teacher. Married in 1804
Bigot de Monogues (librarian to Count Razumovsky). Left Vienna in 1809 & settled
in Paris. In 1816 Mendelsohnn was one of her pupils.(1804-1809)
BREITKOPF & HÄRTEL Music publishers (founded in 1719 by B.C.Breitkopf). Published
Major Beethoven works Op.67-86.
BRENTANO, Antonia(nee.Von Birkenstock) (1780-1869): Close Friend. Married to Franz
Brentano. Possible recipient of the 'Immortal beloved letters' (1810/1814)
BRENTANO, Bettina (later, Von Arnim) (1785-1859): (Picture: Osterreichische Nationalbibliothek,
Vienna) Friend. Friend of Goethe. Half sister of Franz Brentano. After marriage moved
to Berlin. (1810–1812)
BREUNING, Eleonore von ('Lorchen') (Later, Wegeler) (1771-1841): Early friend. Lived
BREUNING, Stephan von (1774–1827) Stephan Von (1774-1827): (Picture: Osterreichische
Nationalbibliothek, Vienna) Close life long friend. Brother of Eleonore.
BRUNSWICK, Josephine von (1779–1821) Intimate friend. Married Count Joseph Deym in
June 1799; he died in 1804. She left Vienna in 1808 & married Baron C.Von Stackelberg
(1777-1841) in Feb 1810. Sister of Therese. (1799/1804–1808)
BRUNSWICK, Therese von (1775–1861) (1799–1808)
BROWNE–CAMUS, G. G. von friend
ALBRECHTSBERGER, Johann Georg (1736–1809) Musical theorist, teacher (1794/1795)
AMENDA, Karl (1771-1836) Violinist, close friend.(1798–1804)
ARTARIA, Carlo Music publishers founded by C.F.Artaria (c.1770,Vienna). Published
majority of Beethoven's works pre1800 & a few later works..
BEETHOVEN, Johann van (1740–1792) Father
BEETHOVEN, Kaspar Anton Karl van (1774–1815) Brother
BEETHOVEN, Karl Van (1806–1856) Nephew
BEETHOVEN, Ludewjik Van (1712–1773) Grandfather
BEETHOVEN, Nikolaus Johann van (1776–1848) Brother
The dates within green brackets represent approximately the period of Beethoven's
acquaintance with the people concerned.